– (in this case) put an end to or destroy something
e.g.The failure of the negotiations extinguished any hopes of a deal being struck soon.
– a sum of money that is given by the government or by another organization to be used for a particular purpose
e.g.I received a grant from the government to start my own business.
– houses, flats/apartments, etc. that people live in, especially when referring to their type, price or condition
e.g.Small apartments are the only affordable housing option in the city.
– to try to influence a politician or the government and, for example, persuade them to support or oppose a change in the law
e.g.The National Rifle Association has obviously been lobbying to prevent new gun control legislation.
Smoking to be Banned on Some US College Campuses, Public Housing
New efforts are underway to extinguish cigarette smoking on American college campuses and in public housing.
Twenty colleges in the United States recently received grants to help make their campuses tobacco free.
And in November, U.S. Housing and Urban Development Secretary Julian Castro announced that smoking will become illegal at all public housing over the next 18 months. The federal housing department has over one million homes.
“Every child deserves to grow up in a safe, healthy home free from harmful secondhand cigarette smoke,” Castro said.
The move to ban smoking at public housing units and college campuses follows approval of state laws banning smoking at most workplaces.
The Campaign for Tobacco Free Kids reports that 27 American states ban smoking in all indoor workplaces, including restaurants. California became the first state to ban smoking at most workplaces in 1995.
Thirty-two countries had banned smoking at most workplaces as of 2012, the Tobacco Atlas reports.
Those supporting smoke-free workplaces, public housing and college campuses give one major reason: the negative health effects of smoking.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) says cigarette smoking is the leading cause of preventable deaths in the United States. Smoking accounts for 480,000 deaths every year.
Audrey Silk, founder of Citizens Lobbying Against Smoker Harassment, wrote President-elect Donald Trump, asking him to stop the ban after he becomes president on January 20.
Silk says officials are going too far in trying to stop people from using a legal product.
She told Trump the new federal housing rule would force old or sick people to walk outside their homes to smoke, even when the weather is bad.
But supporters of smoking bans and smoke-free areas say the bad effects of secondhand smoke make it a public health issue. Some also say that college campuses are a good place to limit or ban smoking.
Gary Reedy, chief executive officer of the American Cancer Society, which recently announced anti-smoking grants to 20 U.S. colleges, says it is important to stop college students from smoking, “to be successful in creating a tobacco-free generation.”
The American Cancer Society says about one third of America’s 4,700 college campuses are already smoke-free.
- 1Why does Julian Castro plan to ban smoking at all public housing in the U.S.?
- 2Which U.S. state was the first to ban smoking at most workplaces?
- 3How many people die because of smoking in the U.S. every year?
- 4What argument does Audrey Silk provide in support of stopping the smoking ban?
- 1What do you think about the initiative to ban smoking on college campuses and in public housing?
- 2Would you say that smoking is a major health risk? Why or why not?
- 3Do you think that people should be able to smoke wherever they want, since tobacco is a legal product? Why or why not?
The following exercises are for an additional lesson.
- Please make a short summary of the article that you have just read. (1-2 minutes)
For and Against
- Bring arguments first in favor of, and then against the idea that secondhand smoke is more detrimental to one’s health than actual smoking. (2-3 minutes each)
- 1What do you think are the main reasons why people take up smoking in the first place??
- 2Why do you think that it is so difficult to quit smoking?
- 3Have you ever been a smoker? Why or why not?
- 4What would you say is the best way to quit smoking?
- 5How expensive are cigarettes in your country?
- 6Do you think that smoking is the most dangerous legal habit that a person can have? Why or why not?
- 7Do you think that smoking will ever be completely banned? Why or why not?
- 8Do you think that cutting back can eventually help someone stop smoking altogether? Why or why not?
- 9Seven out of 10 people don’t smoke and of those who do, seven out of 10 want to give up. Andy Kerr. Do you agree with this statement? Why or why not?
- 10Every time you light up a cigarette, you are saying that your life isn’t worth living.Unknown author. Do you agree with this statement? Why or why not?
Quoted from VOA:
*The present article might have been slightly altered to suit the purpose of English study.
*The original article is subject to deletion or changes by the publisher.